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The Artamonov Business

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Maxim Gorky, pseudonym of Alexei Maksimovich Peshkov, Soviet novelist, playwright & essayist, who was a founder of social realism. Although known principally as a writer, he was closely associated with the tumultuous revolutionary period of his own country. Of all Gorky's novels, The Artamonov Business ('Decadence' in the USA edition) is the most impressive & dramatic. Her Maxim Gorky, pseudonym of Alexei Maksimovich Peshkov, Soviet novelist, playwright & essayist, who was a founder of social realism. Although known principally as a writer, he was closely associated with the tumultuous revolutionary period of his own country. Of all Gorky's novels, The Artamonov Business ('Decadence' in the USA edition) is the most impressive & dramatic. Here in concentrated form is the tragic failure of Russia's middle classes in the decades before the Revolution, seen in the small town microcosm of a family of textile manufacturers.


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Maxim Gorky, pseudonym of Alexei Maksimovich Peshkov, Soviet novelist, playwright & essayist, who was a founder of social realism. Although known principally as a writer, he was closely associated with the tumultuous revolutionary period of his own country. Of all Gorky's novels, The Artamonov Business ('Decadence' in the USA edition) is the most impressive & dramatic. Her Maxim Gorky, pseudonym of Alexei Maksimovich Peshkov, Soviet novelist, playwright & essayist, who was a founder of social realism. Although known principally as a writer, he was closely associated with the tumultuous revolutionary period of his own country. Of all Gorky's novels, The Artamonov Business ('Decadence' in the USA edition) is the most impressive & dramatic. Here in concentrated form is the tragic failure of Russia's middle classes in the decades before the Revolution, seen in the small town microcosm of a family of textile manufacturers.

30 review for The Artamonov Business

  1. 5 out of 5

    Luís

    Very original novels despite their common theme. A beautiful reading.

  2. 4 out of 5

    Jane Eyre Rochester

    Μέχρι σήμερα δεν είχα διαβάσει Μαξιμ Γκορκι και ανυπομονούσα να ξεκινήσω τους Αρταμανωφ ομως, η αλήθεια είναι ότι το εν λόγω βιβλίο με απογοήτευσε αρκετά. Ένα μυθιστόρημα με ελάχιστη πλοκή και πολύ φλυαρια, ωστόσο έντονα φιλοσοφημενο, από εκείνα που εμένα προσωπικά δεν με εντυπωσιαζουν και δεν μου μου πάνε καθόλου. Τρία αστεράκια από εμένα και πάμε γι'αλλα! Μέχρι σήμερα δεν είχα διαβάσει Μαξιμ Γκορκι και ανυπομονούσα να ξεκινήσω τους Αρταμανωφ ομως, η αλήθεια είναι ότι το εν λόγω βιβλίο με απογοήτευσε αρκετά. Ένα μυθιστόρημα με ελάχιστη πλοκή και πολύ φλυαρια, ωστόσο έντονα φιλοσοφημενο, από εκείνα που εμένα προσωπικά δεν με εντυπωσιαζουν και δεν μου μου πάνε καθόλου. Τρία αστεράκια από εμένα και πάμε γι'αλλα!

  3. 5 out of 5

    ksenophon

    Gorki'nin okuduğum ilk kitabı. Ölmeden önce okumanız gereken 1001 kitap listesinde olması nedeniyle okudum. Artomonov ailesinin 3 nesil boyunca yaşadıkları ve fabrikanın kuruluşu ve devrimin geçmesine kadar anlatılan bir roman. Benim için asıl ilginç olan kısmı Gorki bu eseri Rusya'ya döndükten sonra yazmış. O dönemde kendisine uygulanan sansür nedeniyle ev hapsinde tutulması ve tüm eserlerin devrim öncesi konulardan seçmesi gerekmiş. Eminim ki yazmak istediği çok şey varmış ama sansür nedeniyle Gorki'nin okuduğum ilk kitabı. Ölmeden önce okumanız gereken 1001 kitap listesinde olması nedeniyle okudum. Artomonov ailesinin 3 nesil boyunca yaşadıkları ve fabrikanın kuruluşu ve devrimin geçmesine kadar anlatılan bir roman. Benim için asıl ilginç olan kısmı Gorki bu eseri Rusya'ya döndükten sonra yazmış. O dönemde kendisine uygulanan sansür nedeniyle ev hapsinde tutulması ve tüm eserlerin devrim öncesi konulardan seçmesi gerekmiş. Eminim ki yazmak istediği çok şey varmış ama sansür nedeniyle kitap yarım kalmış izlenimi uyandırdı bende. Onun dışında yazarın dili sade ve kitap gayet akıcı,kolay okunan bir üslupla yazılmış.

  4. 4 out of 5

    Megan Baxter

    I have a real weak spot for Russian literature, for some reason. I have enjoyed almost all of it I have read, although I greatly preferred Anna Karenina to War and Peace. Last year, though, I made a run at The Brothers Karamazov, and although I had thoroughly enjoyed both Crime and Punishment and The Idiot, I found I got bogged down and never got through it. I mean, I was three or four hundred pages in, and very little had happened! Some day, I may try to go back, but for the moment, I'm content I have a real weak spot for Russian literature, for some reason. I have enjoyed almost all of it I have read, although I greatly preferred Anna Karenina to War and Peace. Last year, though, I made a run at The Brothers Karamazov, and although I had thoroughly enjoyed both Crime and Punishment and The Idiot, I found I got bogged down and never got through it. I mean, I was three or four hundred pages in, and very little had happened! Some day, I may try to go back, but for the moment, I'm content to let that one lie. Note: The rest of this review has been withheld due to the changes in Goodreads policy and enforcement. You can read why I came to this decision here. In the meantime, you can read the entire review at Smorgasbook

  5. 4 out of 5

    Bam cooks the books ;-)

    Gorky's book, originally published as The Artamonov Business, is about the decline (decadence) of the Russian middle class between the years 1863 and 1918--or in other words, between the serf's emancipation and the Bolshevik revolution. It is a character study depicting the Artamonov family over three generations, as their family business at first thrives and then declines as the family itself declines and the social revolution gains impetus. Peter, the eldest son observes, "The business is grow Gorky's book, originally published as The Artamonov Business, is about the decline (decadence) of the Russian middle class between the years 1863 and 1918--or in other words, between the serf's emancipation and the Bolshevik revolution. It is a character study depicting the Artamonov family over three generations, as their family business at first thrives and then declines as the family itself declines and the social revolution gains impetus. Peter, the eldest son observes, "The business is growing," while the family's groundskeeper (and self-styled philosopher) says, "A business is like mould in a cellar. It grows by its own force."

  6. 4 out of 5

    Ελένη Αθανασίου

    Η μετάφραση του Α. Αλεξάνδρου είναι το πιο δυνατό σημείο των Αρταμάνοφ. 2.5 * για τους Ρώσους του Γκόρκι, οι οποίοι νοιάζονται μόνο για τα ερωτικά τους, ενώ η επανάσταση βρίσκεται προ των πυλών.

  7. 4 out of 5

    Paçimuçka

    Kuşaklar üzerinden herhangi bir olayın etkilerini, sosyal değişiklikleri ya da genel olarak kurguyu anlatma fikri teoride kulağa güzel gelse de bence kağıda döküldüğünde çok zorlama bir eser ortaya çıkarıyor. Cevdet Bey ve Oğulları, Yüzyıllık Yalnızlık ve şimdi de Artamonovlar ile birlikte bu fikrim iyice pekişti. Artamonovlar çarın toprak köleliğini kaldırması sonucunda birikim yapıp iş kurma imkanı elde etmiş bir aile. Bu ailenin kuşak kuşak hayatını okuyoruz. Gorki'nin okuduğum ilk kitabı oldu Kuşaklar üzerinden herhangi bir olayın etkilerini, sosyal değişiklikleri ya da genel olarak kurguyu anlatma fikri teoride kulağa güzel gelse de bence kağıda döküldüğünde çok zorlama bir eser ortaya çıkarıyor. Cevdet Bey ve Oğulları, Yüzyıllık Yalnızlık ve şimdi de Artamonovlar ile birlikte bu fikrim iyice pekişti. Artamonovlar çarın toprak köleliğini kaldırması sonucunda birikim yapıp iş kurma imkanı elde etmiş bir aile. Bu ailenin kuşak kuşak hayatını okuyoruz. Gorki'nin okuduğum ilk kitabı olduğu için doğru bir kanı mı bilmiyorum ama sanki her cümlenin altında bir şeyler öğretme, toplumsal mesaj verme kaygısı var gibiydi ve bu beni rahatsız etti. E bir de kuşaklar üzerinden bir anlatım olunca benim için çok sıkıcı bir okuma oldu ne yazık ki. Karakterin hiçbiriyle bağ kuramadım, sevemedim. Gerçekten bu tip kitaplarla ilgili üçüncü ve son denememdi, bir daha böyle kuşak hikayelerine bulaşmayacağım. Geçenlerde okuduğum Babalar ve Oğullar kuşak çatışmasını çok daha güzel anlatan bir kitaptı, Artamonovlar ne yazık ki kimseye tavsiye etmediğim bir kitap.

  8. 4 out of 5

    DenizKrb

    İnsanlardan hafızayı çıkarmak gerek. Yoksa kötülük artar. İnsanlar yaşamalı, ölmeli; onların bütün kötülükleri, her tür saçmalıkları da onlarla birlikte yok olmalı. Başkaları dünyaya gelince kötü hiçbir şey hatırlamamalı, iyiler hatırlanmalı. Ben de hafızam yüzünden sıkıntı çekiyorum. Yaşlandım, huzur istiyorum. Ama nerde huzur? Huzur unutkanlıkta..

  9. 4 out of 5

    Nicholas Beck

    Gorky's attempt to write a family saga spanning approximately 50 years from the emancipation of the serfs and the resulting rise of middle class capitalism which leads to the Communist revolution. The Artamonovs slowly lose interest in retaining control of their clothing factory with the advent of the 3rd generation. Gorky's theorises that capitalist ambition and energy become diluted in a family enterprise by the time the grandchildren come of age to take the reins. Loosely based on his reading Gorky's attempt to write a family saga spanning approximately 50 years from the emancipation of the serfs and the resulting rise of middle class capitalism which leads to the Communist revolution. The Artamonovs slowly lose interest in retaining control of their clothing factory with the advent of the 3rd generation. Gorky's theorises that capitalist ambition and energy become diluted in a family enterprise by the time the grandchildren come of age to take the reins. Loosely based on his reading of Henry Ford's memoirs and the Vanderbilt family history, he creates a distinctly Russian epic with characters doomed from the start. They're all mostly unlikeable and somewhat thinly sketched as Gorky is mainly determined to chart the historic inevitability of their decline. This is Social Realism after all. His descriptions of the Russian landscape are sublime and an absolute highlight of this novel which while not wholly successful to my mind picks up pace in the second half as the families doom is sealed.

  10. 4 out of 5

    Deanne

    The Artamonovs are a difficult family to like, dysfunctional in many ways they don't seem to like each other. The Artamonov Business or Decadence as this version is called follows the family across three generations. The majority of the central characters are male with the women appearing as only minor characters. The Artamonovs are a difficult family to like, dysfunctional in many ways they don't seem to like each other. The Artamonov Business or Decadence as this version is called follows the family across three generations. The majority of the central characters are male with the women appearing as only minor characters.

  11. 5 out of 5

    Stefania

    Η σπονδυλωτή διήγηση της ιστορίας της Ρωσίας των 50 χρόνων πριν την επανάσταση με τρόπο που μόνο οι Ρώσοι λογοτέχνες μπορούν, απλά και διεισδυτικά .

  12. 5 out of 5

    Halah

    لن انسى يوما بحثي المضني عن هذه التحفه في كل مكان وايجادها بهذه النسخه ومن ترجمة منير البعلبكي لم اكاد اصدق عيني حين وجدتها في محلٍ عتيق مليءٌ بالحياة والتاريخ بين صفحات الكتب النادره والعتيقه حين وقفت منذهله ومحتاره اي التحف سأقتني و الذي لم يكن احدٌ ليلقِ بالاً له وابتياعي لها وتحمسي الشديد لقرائتها فكلما جئت لقرائتها تخطر ببالي انني لم اكن مستعده للخوض في عالم غورگي و الابحار بين كلماته العميقه ولكن في ذلك اليوم الذي قررت به ان اشرع في قرائتها وقد طفح كيلي ولم اعد استطع الانتظار اكثر كان يوماً لن انسى يوما بحثي المضني عن هذه التحفه في كل مكان وايجادها بهذه النسخه ومن ترجمة منير البعلبكي لم اكاد اصدق عيني حين وجدتها في محلٍ عتيق مليءٌ بالحياة والتاريخ بين صفحات الكتب النادره والعتيقه حين وقفت منذهله ومحتاره اي التحف سأقتني و الذي لم يكن احدٌ ليلقِ بالاً له وابتياعي لها وتحمسي الشديد لقرائتها فكلما جئت لقرائتها تخطر ببالي انني لم اكن مستعده للخوض في عالم غورگي و الابحار بين كلماته العميقه ولكن في ذلك اليوم الذي قررت به ان اشرع في قرائتها وقد طفح كيلي ولم اعد استطع الانتظار اكثر كان يوماً مشمسا انذاك ومشرقا ينبئ عن ايجابيةٍ للبدء بها وكأن الشمس تهنئي لبدايتي مع مكسيم ومنذ بداية صفحات الروايه وانا اريد ان التهم المزيد من كلمات وصفحات غورگي اريد ان انهيها قبل ان ابدأ بها. . من الروايات ذات الفكره العميقه (يمكن القول انها رواية سياسيه تعنى بالعمل) ذات لغه وحشية صارخة وهادئة. يؤرخ غوركي للحكم قصير العمر لعائلة محررة حديثًا من الأقنان المنزليين كبرجوازيين محليين والتدهور الاجتماعي والأخلاقي الذي مروا به على مدى ثلاثة أجيال. حيث ذكر مكسيم النفس البشريه وما يحدث لها من اختلاجات بشريه ونفسيه لأبناء روسيا في ذلك الوقت خاصه والعالم عامه حيث يبحث عن فكرة ماالذي يستفاده العالم مني؟ هل عشت حياتي كما اريدها ام كما يريدها الاخرون؟ والكثير من الاسئله الاخرى التي ولابد ان تفكر بها يوما ما ومحظوظ من يجد الاجابه لقد استمتعت بهذه الملحمة العائلية التي تدور احداثها في روسيا من وقت تحرير العبيد حتى الثورة البلشفيه واضطراب الوضع السياسي لروسيا حيث انه كان وقتًا مضطربًا في تاريخ روسيا ، لكن غوركي وضع قصته في قرية بعيدة عن مراكز الثورة وركز على كيفية تأثير الاضطرابات المجتمعية على مجتمع صغير. كان عمل عائلة أرتامانوف هو نسج الكتان اوضح غورگي ثقة ايليا في بدء مصنع من الصفر وإقناع السكان المحليين بزراعة الكتان لمشروعه. حيث انه كان شخصية قوية تسخر من الناس لكنهم فهموا أيضًا كيفية التعامل معهم وتبعه الفلاحون المحليون بسعادة. الابن الذي استولى على المصنع فعل ذلك من منطلق الإحساس بالواجب بدلاً من الشغف بالمصنع الذي كان يتخيله كوحش. حيث سلط الضوء غورگي على ان كم هي مؤلمه وممله تلك الحياة التي لا نختارها والتي ننقاد لها بواسطة ايمان شخص اخر بها ولست انت عندما تحسد شخصاً اخر وتكن له مشاعر الكراهيه فقط لانه فعل اشياء لم تستطع فعلها او تتبنى شخص اخر لتزرع فيه افكارك التي تربيت عليها وعند رفضه لتلك الفكره تتفاجأ بأفكارهم المختلفه عنك وتقول في نفسك فعلت هذا من قبله ولم اعترض عليه لماذا لا يفعله من دون رفض انه مخبول او ان افكار أشخاص مخبولين اثرت عليه او تحب شخصاً لانه على النقيض منك تجد فيه مالم تجده في نفسك او تبغض شخصاً اخر فقط لانه يشبهك كم هو مؤلم ان ترتعب وان تتجب لقائك مع نفسك تكون حياتك فقط بغضك لاشخاص انجزوا اشياء عجزت عن انجازها او واجهوا وتقبلوا انفسهم بعيوبهم حيث كان يفضل بيوتر أن يكون مزارعا وفقد الاتصال بالعمال. يبدأ استياء الفلاحين في الغليان مع تولي الجيل الثالث زمام الأمور حيث التحول الجيلي وما رافقه من تحول وتبدل في الافكار والتوجهات والافعال والمفارقات التي لا تنفك الاباء والابناء من التسائل لماذا لا يفهم احدهم الآخر؟ قصة عائلية ، رواية غوركي تؤرخ لثروات عدة أجيال من العائلات بين تحرير الأقنان وكارثة الحرب العظمى والثورة البلشفية اللاحقة. إن بدايات ونمو الطبقة البرجوازية يرويها فنان قصير النظر يقدم الوصف التالي للعمال: "الجميع يعيش من أجل العمل ، ولكن ما إذا كان الرجال يعيشون من أجل أي شيء يتجاوز عملهم لا يمكننا رؤيته". يمكن رؤية أن قصر النظر هذا من شأنه أن يساهم في نجاح البلاشفة يمكن رؤيته في ارتباط المؤلف الطويل بلينين. على الرغم من ذلك ، فإن الرواية هي صورة جيدة لروسيا قبل مجيء السوفييت اما الترجمه فليست هناك اي حاجه لذكري المترجم العملاق منير البعلبكي الذي اذا رأيت كتاب من ترجمته اقتنيه من دون اي سؤال. ♥️ وها انا ذا قد اكملتها واشعر بفراغ كبير اشتقت لهم منذ الآن 💔 #هاله

  13. 4 out of 5

    Pip

    I enjoyed this family saga set in Russia from the time of the Emancipation of the serfs until the Bolshevik Revolution. It was a tumultuous time in Russia's history but Gorky set his story in a village far from the centres of revolt and concentrated on how the societal upheavals affected a small community. The Artamatov family's business was to weave flax into linen. The first in line was a freed serf who had the confidence to start a factory from scratch and persuade the locals to grow flax for I enjoyed this family saga set in Russia from the time of the Emancipation of the serfs until the Bolshevik Revolution. It was a tumultuous time in Russia's history but Gorky set his story in a village far from the centres of revolt and concentrated on how the societal upheavals affected a small community. The Artamatov family's business was to weave flax into linen. The first in line was a freed serf who had the confidence to start a factory from scratch and persuade the locals to grow flax for his enterprise. He was a strong character who taunted people but also understood how to deal with them and the local peasants followed him happily. The son who took over the factory did so out of a sense of duty rather than passion for the factory which he fancied as a beast. He would much rather have been a farmer and he lost touch with the workers. The resentment of the peasants begins to simmer as the third generation takes over. One son becomes an intellectual and joins the socialists in the city, one is still a Tsarist but is impatient with his father's resistance to change and the third is sympatheitc to the rise of the workers. The retainer, Tikhov Vialov, who remains a loyal yardman throughout his life despite knowing all the family's dirty secrets cannot forgive Nikita, the hunchback who retires to a monastery because he is unrequited in love, for destroying his faith in religion but not replacing it with anything in which he can believe. Against the backdrop of the Japanese War and then the First World War, the old structure of society is broken down as mistrust is all pervasive.

  14. 4 out of 5

    Monty Milne

    Earlier this year I read “Mother” by Gorky and thought it one of the worst novels I have ever read. When I collected this monster from the library my heart sank. Physically, the book in my hands – published in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics for the edification of those in capitalist countries – had the feel and elegance of a large brick. Gorky’s Mother had all the style, elegance and subtlety of a particularly coarse brick, so could this possibly be any better? Well, it is a great deal b Earlier this year I read “Mother” by Gorky and thought it one of the worst novels I have ever read. When I collected this monster from the library my heart sank. Physically, the book in my hands – published in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics for the edification of those in capitalist countries – had the feel and elegance of a large brick. Gorky’s Mother had all the style, elegance and subtlety of a particularly coarse brick, so could this possibly be any better? Well, it is a great deal better than “Mother”. That hardly surprised me (what could be worse?), but what really did surprise me was how enjoyable I found this. Yes, it has Gorky’s characteristics fully on display: his thuggish, low-browed, Bolshevik brutalism. As a chronicle of human squalor Gorky is not in the same league as Zola. Not a single character is remotely likeable. The whole tale is meant to illustrate the “truth” of Marxist historical processes and everything is made to conform to that. And yet...there is a fascination about this, in all its savage coarseness, which kept me turning the pages. Gorky may be a brute but he tells a good tale.

  15. 4 out of 5

    Derek

    I’d describe the tone of this novel as a stark yet calm brutality. Gorky chronicles the short-lived reign of a newly liberated family of household serfs as provincial bourgeois and the social and moral decline they undergo over three generations. It is punctuated by three murders: the first, an undepicted murder by Artamonov Sr. of a factory hand, the second when Peter Artamonov brutally murders his son’s childhood friend with delusions of protecting him from bad influence, and the third an abor I’d describe the tone of this novel as a stark yet calm brutality. Gorky chronicles the short-lived reign of a newly liberated family of household serfs as provincial bourgeois and the social and moral decline they undergo over three generations. It is punctuated by three murders: the first, an undepicted murder by Artamonov Sr. of a factory hand, the second when Peter Artamonov brutally murders his son’s childhood friend with delusions of protecting him from bad influence, and the third an abortive murder borne of paranoia that is completed in reverse when Yakov Artamonov is killed randomly on a train fleeing Dromov. The bulk of the novel revolves around the absolute moral decay of Peter Artomonov, the eldest son, as he drifts into alcoholism, infidelity and misanthropy over the course of the factory amassing wealth. Gorky traps the reader so thoroughly in this twisted perspective that the Bolshevik revolution and the seizing of the family property comes at the end not as a triumph as it is historically but a relief. A requiem for the pitiable Russian bourgeoisie, never to become fit to rule on their own

  16. 5 out of 5

    Dree

    After the peasants are freed, Artamanov Sr moves to a new town and starts a linen factory. He brings his wife and sons. The townspeople are not sure they trust him or like him, or that they want a factory. But he quickly marries his oldest son to the daughter of a local widow, and is then part of town life. As he ages his sons grow, have children, and Sr dies. Then the grandkids become involved in the business and have kids of their own. This is, of course, all going on in the late 1800s/early 190 After the peasants are freed, Artamanov Sr moves to a new town and starts a linen factory. He brings his wife and sons. The townspeople are not sure they trust him or like him, or that they want a factory. But he quickly marries his oldest son to the daughter of a local widow, and is then part of town life. As he ages his sons grow, have children, and Sr dies. Then the grandkids become involved in the business and have kids of their own. This is, of course, all going on in the late 1800s/early 1900s. The Artamonovs, though previously owned themselves, are now merchants and thus not trustworthy. And their lives are somewhat decadent, with lots of food and alcohol, traveling to Moscow and back, and marrying daughters off to other wealthy merchants so they leave the town. The factory runs itself, they just take, while the townspeople pour their lives into working for them. Some of the Artamanovs worry about the peasant uprisings and talk, but most just go about their business. Not a long book, but I would it slow going.

  17. 5 out of 5

    Karanlık kadın

    İmparator II. Aleksandr 1861 yılında serfliği kaldırır ve özgürleşen köylüler şehirde iş kurmaya başlar. Artamonovlar da onlardan biridir. Ancak bulundukları yerdeki insanlar artamonovlardan rahatsızdırlar. İlya artamanov belediye başkanının evine gider ve başkandan kızını oğluna (pyotr'a) vermesini ister. Belediye başkanı ister istemez kızını (natalya) vermek zorunda kalır. Belediye başkanı bir zaman sonra ölür. Düğün vefatın üzerinden bir zaman sonra olur. Fabrika büyümeye devam etmektedir. İly İmparator II. Aleksandr 1861 yılında serfliği kaldırır ve özgürleşen köylüler şehirde iş kurmaya başlar. Artamonovlar da onlardan biridir. Ancak bulundukları yerdeki insanlar artamonovlardan rahatsızdırlar. İlya artamanov belediye başkanının evine gider ve başkandan kızını oğluna (pyotr'a) vermesini ister. Belediye başkanı ister istemez kızını (natalya) vermek zorunda kalır. Belediye başkanı bir zaman sonra ölür. Düğün vefatın üzerinden bir zaman sonra olur. Fabrika büyümeye devam etmektedir. İlya artamanov dünürü ulya baymakova ile yasak ilişki yaşar. Bir süre sonra ilya artamanov da ölür. İş pyotr'a ve aleksey'e kalır. Nikita ise manastıra gider. Olaylar gelişir. Rusya adım adım kızıl devrime doğru gitmektedir. Kitapta beni en çok kapıcı tihon etkiledi. Kitap sanki yarım kalmış gibi geldi bana. Genç devrimci ilya artamanov'a ne oldu merak ediyorum. 2015 yılında yazarın mujik adlı kitabını okumuştum o da bende yarım kalmışlık hissini uyandırmıştı.

  18. 5 out of 5

    Oscar Espejo Badiola

    Historia de tres generaciones en la Rusia anterior a la Revolución y que finaliza con ésta. Aunque hay algo de política, me quedo con las relaciones entre las distintas generaciones, desde el creador de la empresa hasta los nietos, cada uno ve la vida de manera distinta, se va produciendo una evolución que no siempre tiene que ser positiva y que finaliza con la Revolución. Hay un testigo de toda la historia que es el portero de la fábrica, que todo lo sabe y todo lo calla. La novela tiene un estilo Historia de tres generaciones en la Rusia anterior a la Revolución y que finaliza con ésta. Aunque hay algo de política, me quedo con las relaciones entre las distintas generaciones, desde el creador de la empresa hasta los nietos, cada uno ve la vida de manera distinta, se va produciendo una evolución que no siempre tiene que ser positiva y que finaliza con la Revolución. Hay un testigo de toda la historia que es el portero de la fábrica, que todo lo sabe y todo lo calla. La novela tiene un estilo rápido, va al grano, si poner ni palabras ni páginas de más y cuando hay un hecho importante en la historia se cuenta sin rodeos, tal y como ocurren en la vida real, de pronto, sin preparación previa. Buena novela de la historia de Rusia y de la sociedad, con unos personajes que acaparan a todos los estamentos, desde la burguesía hasta los pobres.

  19. 5 out of 5

    Trounin

    Большая книга требует приложения больших усилий для её написания, если автор не является графоманом. Горького не обвинишь в желании писать ради необходимости ежедневно создавать определённое количество печатных знаков. Ему потребовалось два десятка лет, чтобы создать новое крупное произведение. Но о чём оно должно было быть? Писать о новой жизни не так легко, ибо непонятно, к чему она вела советское государство. А вот вспомнить о прошлом было легко, особенно в связи с наконец-то победившей револ Большая книга требует приложения больших усилий для её написания, если автор не является графоманом. Горького не обвинишь в желании писать ради необходимости ежедневно создавать определённое количество печатных знаков. Ему потребовалось два десятка лет, чтобы создать новое крупное произведение. Но о чём оно должно было быть? Писать о новой жизни не так легко, ибо непонятно, к чему она вела советское государство. А вот вспомнить о прошлом было легко, особенно в связи с наконец-то победившей революцией. Требовалось показать, как существовали люди, дожив до отречения царя. (c) Trounin

  20. 4 out of 5

    Monur72

    Gorki'nin en iyi eserlerinden biri. 350 sayfaya sığdırılmış üç neslin hikayesi. Toprak köleliğinin kaldırılması ile Ekim devrimi arasında kalan kısa zamanda üretime dayalı bujuvazinin hızlı yükselişi ve çöküşü inceleniyor. Arka planda da genel anlamda insan ruhunun meseleleri ele alınıyor. Ayrıca endüstrinin, makineleşmenin insan ruhunu bozuma uğrattığı tezi de savunulmakta. Kitapta tek rahatsız edici unsur, hikmetli gibi görünen içi boş lafların insanın başından aşağı kova kova dökülmesi. Tüm r Gorki'nin en iyi eserlerinden biri. 350 sayfaya sığdırılmış üç neslin hikayesi. Toprak köleliğinin kaldırılması ile Ekim devrimi arasında kalan kısa zamanda üretime dayalı bujuvazinin hızlı yükselişi ve çöküşü inceleniyor. Arka planda da genel anlamda insan ruhunun meseleleri ele alınıyor. Ayrıca endüstrinin, makineleşmenin insan ruhunu bozuma uğrattığı tezi de savunulmakta. Kitapta tek rahatsız edici unsur, hikmetli gibi görünen içi boş lafların insanın başından aşağı kova kova dökülmesi. Tüm rus külliyatında, özellikle köylüler ve alt sınıfı konu alan rus edebi eserlerinde sık sık görülen bir olaydır bu. Çok derin manaları olduğu sanılan boş laflar, deyişler falan karakterler tarafından sık sık kullanılır. Bunun dışında herhangi bir düzlemde özdeşlik kurulamayacak bazı kişilikler de barındırıyor. Bunu söylememin sebebi şu: iyi ya da doğru olduğu satır aralarında ima edilen bir karakteri insan bir türlü kabul edemiyor. Herkes eğrisi ve doğrusu ile ele alında başımın üstünde yeri var ama nedense garip bir şekilde yazar tarafından onların şu ya da bu olduğu empoze ediliyormuş gibi görünüyor. Bu da karakter yaratımında güvensizliğe neden oluyor. Hele Tihon denen bir deyyus var ki düşman başına. Her adımda saçma sapan bir şeyler yumurtlayan bu piçin yazar övüyor mu yeriyor mu anlayamadım doğrusu. Yine de adam büyük yazar. Kesinlikle okunmalı.

  21. 5 out of 5

    F.

    Gorky, gerçek hayata ışık tutmaktan vazgeçmez, bu sefer konumuz yıkılan toprak köleliği sistemi sonrası Rusya. Eleştirilere sert, acımasız ama bir o kadar da gerçek. Bizim ve Ruslar gibi doğu toplumlarında alışkanlıkları değiştirmek zor, insan hayatını doğrudan etkileyen hususlar olsa bile. Köylünün gerçeği basittir: Tanrı, ekmek, çar gibi şeyler. Peki bu onu kentliden kıymetsiz yapar mı? Acaba? Bu gerçeği bir de üç kuşak olarak düşünün, zaman en fazla neyi değiştirebilir? Köylüden kentliye dönüş Gorky, gerçek hayata ışık tutmaktan vazgeçmez, bu sefer konumuz yıkılan toprak köleliği sistemi sonrası Rusya. Eleştirilere sert, acımasız ama bir o kadar da gerçek. Bizim ve Ruslar gibi doğu toplumlarında alışkanlıkları değiştirmek zor, insan hayatını doğrudan etkileyen hususlar olsa bile. Köylünün gerçeği basittir: Tanrı, ekmek, çar gibi şeyler. Peki bu onu kentliden kıymetsiz yapar mı? Acaba? Bu gerçeği bir de üç kuşak olarak düşünün, zaman en fazla neyi değiştirebilir? Köylüden kentliye dönüş insana ne katar neler götürür?

  22. 5 out of 5

    Rüveyda

    This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here. İlya Artamonov, prensin yanında çalışan bir uşak iken, yıllarca sadakatle çalışmasının sonucunda keten fabrikası kurabilecek parayla yanından ayrıldı. İşini çocuklarına emanet etmişti. Kamburuyla yaşamak zorunda olan oğlu Nikita, işlerle uğraşmak yerine -tanrı inancından yoksun olmasına rağmen- manastıra sığınmıştı. Diğer çocukları işi yürütmeye çalışsalar da kaybettikleri şey özgürlükleri olmuştu. Çar devrilmiş, işçiler kazanmıştı. "Nikita, ama belleği ona hüzünlü bir atasözünü fısıldıyordu: 'Se İlya Artamonov, prensin yanında çalışan bir uşak iken, yıllarca sadakatle çalışmasının sonucunda keten fabrikası kurabilecek parayla yanından ayrıldı. İşini çocuklarına emanet etmişti. Kamburuyla yaşamak zorunda olan oğlu Nikita, işlerle uğraşmak yerine -tanrı inancından yoksun olmasına rağmen- manastıra sığınmıştı. Diğer çocukları işi yürütmeye çalışsalar da kaybettikleri şey özgürlükleri olmuştu. Çar devrilmiş, işçiler kazanmıştı. "Nikita, ama belleği ona hüzünlü bir atasözünü fısıldıyordu: 'Sevmeden yaşamak acıdır, seversen de iki kat acıdır.'"

  23. 4 out of 5

    Charisma

    At the beginning I really liked it, but after the father was gone, everything seemed to have "fallen to pieces." It became more tedious to me, the story revolved mostly around the oldest son, and I was hoping to hear more about the rest of the family. Overall, not a bad book, and I would like to read more of Gorky. At the beginning I really liked it, but after the father was gone, everything seemed to have "fallen to pieces." It became more tedious to me, the story revolved mostly around the oldest son, and I was hoping to hear more about the rest of the family. Overall, not a bad book, and I would like to read more of Gorky.

  24. 5 out of 5

    Selçuk Çelikel

    Serfliğin kaldırılmasından çarın gücünden feragat ettiği günlere kadarki dönemi bir yerel burjuvazi olan Artamanov ailesinin üzerinden anlatan roman, Gorky'nin güçlü betimlemeleriyle oldukça sürükleyici, yalın ama biraz da tatsız. Serfliğin kaldırılmasından çarın gücünden feragat ettiği günlere kadarki dönemi bir yerel burjuvazi olan Artamanov ailesinin üzerinden anlatan roman, Gorky'nin güçlü betimlemeleriyle oldukça sürükleyici, yalın ama biraz da tatsız.

  25. 5 out of 5

    Kerem

    Ne yaşadıklarının ötesinde, Artamonov'ların içinde olup, bebekliklerini, çocukluklarını bildiğin bu insanların, büyüdüklerine, yaşlandıklarına ve ölümlerine şahit olmak gibi bir duygusal derinlik. Gorki' nin karakter yaratmaktaki dehası cabası Ne yaşadıklarının ötesinde, Artamonov'ların içinde olup, bebekliklerini, çocukluklarını bildiğin bu insanların, büyüdüklerine, yaşlandıklarına ve ölümlerine şahit olmak gibi bir duygusal derinlik. Gorki' nin karakter yaratmaktaki dehası cabası

  26. 4 out of 5

    Zerrin Kutlu Sancak

    Nesilden nesile bir ailenin hikayesini anlatmasıyla bana Yüzyıllık Yalnızlık kitabını anımsattı. Ancak Yüzyıllık Yalnızlık'tan sonra bu hikaye sizi doyurmuyor. Nesilden nesile bir ailenin hikayesini anlatmasıyla bana Yüzyıllık Yalnızlık kitabını anımsattı. Ancak Yüzyıllık Yalnızlık'tan sonra bu hikaye sizi doyurmuyor.

  27. 4 out of 5

    George

    Books like this make the writer classic and survive the sands of time.

  28. 5 out of 5

    Book Wormy

    An interesting family saga set in Russian which follows 3 generations of the same family as they make and lose their fortune in the changing political landscape. I enjoyed this story despite not liking any of the characters which is a rare thing for me.

  29. 4 out of 5

    Kåre

    Velskrevet på den lidt svære måde. Der er en del personer, og det har jeg ofte svært ved at holde rede på, således også her. Der er også en del, som sandsynligvis er lidt indforstået. Men den slags elsker jeg, når det er godt, for ofte ligger netop mange af forfatterens og tidens fordomme gemt lige her, hvilket jeg som antropolog er ret interesseret i. Kønsrollerne er således interessant beskrevet, ligesom der er udfald mod jøder, ligeledes interessant. Ideen til romanen er fantastisk. Som jeg f Velskrevet på den lidt svære måde. Der er en del personer, og det har jeg ofte svært ved at holde rede på, således også her. Der er også en del, som sandsynligvis er lidt indforstået. Men den slags elsker jeg, når det er godt, for ofte ligger netop mange af forfatterens og tidens fordomme gemt lige her, hvilket jeg som antropolog er ret interesseret i. Kønsrollerne er således interessant beskrevet, ligesom der er udfald mod jøder, ligeledes interessant. Ideen til romanen er fantastisk. Som jeg forstår det, drejer det sig om en beskrivelse af et eksempel på borgeskabets opståen og fald i Rusland. Det er skrevet efter revolutionen, men stopper netop som den går rigtigt i gang. Top-dramatisk valg. I øvrigt det samme valg, som Mel Gibson tager i den der appokalyptiske film om indianerne. Undrer en del over, hvordan bogen blev modtaget. På en måde viser den vel at borgerskabet var dekadent og modent til forfald. Dette gør den vist primært, fordi de afsluttende bemærkninger kommer fra den undersåt, der har fulgt familien hele vejen. Men måske også fordi der er denne her bevægelse gående fra en stærk, forfader over en slap søn til et endnu slappere barnebarn.

  30. 5 out of 5

    Kristel

    A story of Russia told through the family saga of the Artamonov covers the time period of Russia industrial revolution to it's conclusion in the Bolshevik Revolution. The Artamonov are the new class of Russian merchants born out of the end of the serfdom declared by Tsar Alexander. Artamonov comes to the sleepy village of Dromov to build a Linen Factory. Ilia Artamonov barges into the town, interrupting life as it was formerly lived by the citizens. The story takes us through to the third genera A story of Russia told through the family saga of the Artamonov covers the time period of Russia industrial revolution to it's conclusion in the Bolshevik Revolution. The Artamonov are the new class of Russian merchants born out of the end of the serfdom declared by Tsar Alexander. Artamonov comes to the sleepy village of Dromov to build a Linen Factory. Ilia Artamonov barges into the town, interrupting life as it was formerly lived by the citizens. The story takes us through to the third generation and as may be the norm, the business deteriorates as we get further from it's origins. Quotes: "There are no human beings at all, only workers, except for beggars and the gentry. We all live merely to work; work overshadows everybody." page 95. "he (Peter) saw with astonishment that his son by some miracle had become his match, either by rising to a grown-up in authority, or else by reducing a grown-up to his own level." page 129 Rating 3.57

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